At least 6,593 hate crimes occurred in 2012, according to hate crime data compiled by the University of Michigan.
The maps below reveal where different groups are most likely to be victims of hate crimes. Each county is colored based on its hate crime rate, the number of hate crimes per 100,000 residents in 2012.
A key caveat is that local law enforcement agencies are not required to report hate crimes. The data here covers 91% of the U.S. population, and unreported hate crimes likely explain the gap in the Deep South.
The worst offenders, where we have the data, and their hate crime rates are called out in each map.